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The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017

  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017 will allow construction within 100 metres of ancient and protected monuments.
  • The proposed Bill will amend the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (1958) which prohibits carrying out any public work or project or other constructions in any prohibited area around protected monuments. A ‘prohibited area’ means land in the 100-metre radius around a protected monument. Currently, construction is not allowed in the prohibited areas except for repair and renovation works. 
  • The 1958 Act defines ancient monuments to include a structure, erection, monument, any tumulus, place of interment, cave, rock sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years. 
  • The Bill introduces an amendment to Section 2 of the 1958 Act, expanding the definition of public works to construction by any department of the Central government for public purposes. 
  • The Bill amends Section 20A of the 1958 Act to allow public works in prohibited areas within the monument or archaeological site. 
  • The Bill also amends Section 20I of the 1958 Act. This is a note to the competent authority to make its recommendations to the Centre only after conducting an archaeological, visual and heritage impact assessment.

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