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Fundamental Duties

Study Material > Polity
  • Original Constitution doesn’t contain fundamental duty. It is incorporated under Article 51 A (Part IV A) of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. In 2002, one more Fundamental Duty was added by 86th Constitutional Amendment Act.
  • The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in the Constitution on the basis of the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee.
  • The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of erstwhile USSR.
  • However, like the Directive Principles, these are non-justifiable, without any legal sanction in case of their violation or non-compliance.
  • Fundamental duties are applicable only to citizens and not to the aliens.
  • There is no provision for direct enforcement of these duties but it can be expected that in determining the constitutionality of a law which seeks to give effect to those duties that court may consider such a law to be reasonable in relation to Article 14 and Article 19 and thus save a law from being unconstitutional.
  • Article 51A : Fundamental duties: It shall be the duty of every citizen of India –
    1. to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
    2. to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
    3. to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
    4. to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
    5. to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
    6. to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
    7. to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
    8. to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
    9. to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
    10. to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
    11. to provide opportunities for education by the parent the guardian, to his child, or a ward between the age of 6-14 years as the case may be.

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