- The primary object of an adjournment motion is to draw the attention of Lok Sabha to a recent matter of urgent public importance having serious consequences and in regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper notice will be too late.
- Adjournment motion is allowed only in Lok Sabha or in state legislative assembly and NOT in Rajya Sabha or in state legislative council because it has an element of censure against the government.
- There are few conditions of an adjournment motion in Lok Sabha as follows:
- Such a motion needs the support of at least 50 members.
- It should be introduced on a matter of definite and urgent public importance. However, it should not
cover more than one matter and be restricted to that matter only. The subject matter should not be the
same which is already being discussed in the same session.
- A question of privilege or any other questions which can be raised via other distinct motion cannot be
raised in adjournment motion.
- Since adjournment motion disrupts the normal business of the house and this is regarded as an extraordinary tool in parliament. The discussion on adjournment motion needs to last at least 2.5 hours.
Calling Attention versus Adjournment Motion
- Since Rajya Sabha is not permitted to make use of adjournment motion, there is a similar tool in Rajya Sabha which is called “Calling Attention”.
- The notable difference between the two is that while adjournment motion has an element of censure against the government, Calling attention has no such element.