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Important Abbreviations

Must Know GK > National

Abbreviation

Interpretations

AA

Alcoholic Anonymous

AAFI

The Amateur Atheletic Federation of India

AAPSO

Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation

ABC

Atomic Biological and Chemical (Warfare)

ADBS

Advance Data Broadcasting System

AGP

Accelerated Graphics Port

AICTE

All India Council for Technical Education

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AIFF

All India Football Federation

AIIMS

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

AINEC

All India Newspaper Editor's Conference

AMIE

Associated Member of Institute of Engineers

ANC

African National Congress

ANERT

Agency for Non-Conventional Energy and Rural Technology

APCTT

Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology

APEC

Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation

ARMD

Age Related Muscular Disease

ARPANET

Advanced Research Project Agency Network

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

ASLV

Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle

ASSOCHAM

Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry

AT&T

American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd

ATC

Air Traffic Control

ATM

Automated Teller Machine, Adobe Type Manager

BARC

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

BBS

Bulletin Board Service

BCG

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (anti TB Vaccine)

BENELUX

Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg

BHP

Brake Horse Power

BIFR

Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction

BIND

Berkeley Internat Name Domain

BIS

Bank for International Settlement

BRO

Border Road Organisation

BCWA

British Council of World Affair

C&R

Control and Reporting

C&W

Cable and Wireless

C-in-c

Commander in Chief

CAG

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

CAPART

Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology

CAT

Career Aptitude Test, Common Admission Test, Computerized Avial Tomo-graphy

CBFC

Central Board of Film Certification

CCW

Convention of Conventional Weapon

CERN

Council European Research Nucleare (European Laboratory for Nuclear Research)

CFC

Chloro Fluoro Carbon

CFL

Compact Fluorescent Lamps

CFSL

Central Forensic Science Laboratory

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

CID

Criminal Investigation Department

CII

Confederation of Independent State

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent State

CITU

Centre of Indian Trade Unions

CNC

Computerized Numeric Control

COFEPOSA

Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act

COMSAT

Communications Satellite Corporation

CONCORD

Council of North Indian States for Co-operation and Regional Development

COPRA

Consumer Protection Act

CPR

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

CRIS

Centre for Railway Information System

CRISIL

Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd

CRR

Cash Reserve Ratio

CRY

Child Relief for You

CSIR

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

CTBT

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

CVR

Cockpit Voice Recorder

CARE

Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere

CASTDI

Conference on the Application of Science and Technology to the Development of India

CCS

Casuality Clearing Station

CHOGM

Common Heads of Government Meeting

CWPC

Central Water and Power Commission

CNG

Compressed Natural Gas

DDT

Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane

DNA

Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid

DPEP

District Primary Education Programme

DTH

Direct to Home Service

E&OE

Errors and Omissions Excepted

ECA

Essential Commodities Act

ECG

Electro Cardiogram

ECR

Electron Cyclotron Resonance

EEG

Exclusive Economic Zone

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

ELISA

Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbant Assay

EMRC

Educational Media Research Centre

EOU

Export Oriented Unit

EPABX

Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange

EPZ

Export Processing Zone

ER&DC

Electronic Research and Development Centre

ERNET

Educational and Research Network

ESA

European Space Agency

ESCAP

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

ESMA

Essential Services Maintenance Act

ESR

Electron Spin Resonance

EURATOM

European Atomic Community

EUTELSAT

European Telecommunications Satellite

EEC

European Economic Community

ESIS

Employee State Insurance Scheme

ESRO

European Space Research Organisation

EMG

Electro Myograph

FAQ

Fair Average Quality, Frequently Asked Questions

FBI

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBTR

Fast Breeder Test Reactor

FBW

Fly-By-Wire

FCI

Food Corporation of India, Fertilizer Corporation of India

FCRA

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act

FIDE

Federation Internationale d'Eches

FIFA

International Football Federation (Federation Internationale de football Association)

FIL

First Institutional Investors

FIR

First Information Report

FIRE

Fully Integrated Robotised Engine

FLAG

Fibre optic Link Around the Globe

FLC

Foreign Legal Consultant

FM

Frequency Modulation, Finance Ministry

FMCT

Fissile Material Cut off Treaty

FPS

Foot Pound Second, Fair Prince Shop

FII

Foreign Institutional Investor

FBTR

Fast Breeder Test Reactor

GAAP

Generally Accepted Accounting Practices

GATE

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time

GRAM

Geo Referenced Area Management

GSLV

Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HPRT

High Resolution Picture Transmissions

HSD

High Speed Diesel

HSRRSS

High Spatial Resolution Remote Sensing Satellite

IA&AS

Indian Audit and Accounts Services

IAAI

International Airport Authority of India

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICAR

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICCR

Indian Council for Cultural Relations

ICMR

Indian Council of Medical Research

ICWA

Indian Council of World Affairs

ILO

International Labour Organisation

INS

Indian Newspaper Society, Indian Naval Ship

INSAT

Indian National Satellite

INTELSET

International Telecommunication Satellite

IOC

Indian Oil Corporation

IOY

I Owe You

IPC

Indian Penal Code

IPCL

Indian Petro-chemicals Corporation Ltd

ISO

International Standards Organisation

ISRO

Indian Space Research Organisation

ITBP

Indian Tibbetan Border Police

ITI

Industrial Training Institute

IMEWS

Integrated Missile Early Warning Satellites

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics

KG

Knight of Garter, Kindergarten

LASER

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

LASIK

Laser in Situ Keratomileusis

LLB

Bachelor of Law (Leagum Baccalauseus)

LMG

Large Megallanic Cloud

LPG

Liguified Petroleum Gas

LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide

MASER

Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emmission of Radiation

MICR

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

Mme

Madame (Mrs)

MOSFET

Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor Field Effect Transistor

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

MVC

Maha Vir Chakra

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASSCOM

National Association of Software and Service Companies

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

NB

Nota Bene (not well)

NCERT

National Council of Educational Research

NDA

National Defence Academy

NDC

National Development Council

NGO

Non-Government Organisation, Non-Gazetted Officer

NIMHANS

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Science

NMR

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

NOC

No Objection Certificate

NPT

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

NSUI

National Students Union of India

NTPC

National Thermal Power Corporation

OCD

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

ODA

Overseas Development Administration

OIC

Organisation of Islamic Conference

OOP

Object Oriented Programme

Op.cit

Opero Citato (in the work cited)

OPV

Oral Polio Vaccine

OXFAM

Oxford Committee for Famine Relief

OPEC

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OAOEC

Organisation of Arab Oil Exporting Countries

PAC

Public Account Committee

PAL

Phase Alternation Line

PCA

Professional Chess Association

Perks

Perquisites of Office

PERT

Project Evaluation and Review Technique

PIB

Press Information Bureau

PIL

Public Interest Litigation

PIN

Postal Index Number

PMUPEP

Prime Ministers Urban Poverty Eradication Programme

POW

Prisoner of War

PROTEM

Pro-tempore (for the time being)

PSLV

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle

PSN

Processor Serial Number

PVC

Param Vir Chakra, Poly Vinyl Chloride

PARA

Parliamentarian's Action for Removal of Apartheid

PEN

(International Association of) Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists

PLF

Plant Load Factor

QR

Quantitative Restriction

R&D

Research and Development

R&M

Renovation and Modernisation

RADAR

Radio Detecting and Ranging

RAW

Research and Analysis Wing

RCC

Reinforced Cement Concrete

RD

Refer to Drawer

RDX

Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrimethylin Trinitrate)

RH

Rainwater Harvest

RNA

Ribonucleic Acid

RSE

Renewable Source of Energy

SAM

Surface to Air Missile

SASA

Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope

SAC

Space Application Centre

SAPTA

South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement

SASER

Sound Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

SAT

Scholastic Aptitude Test

SAVE

SAARC Audio Visual Exchange

SCABA

Self Contained Air Breathing Apparatus

SCSI

Small Computer Systems Interface

SIDS

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Cribe Death)

SIFT

Sperm Intra Fallopian Transfer

SPCA

Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animal

SPECT

Single Photon Emission Computed Technology

STQC

Standardisation Testing and Quality Control

SUNFED

Special United Nations Fund for Economic Development

SUN

Sports Utility Vehicle

SLBM

Sea Launched Ballistic Missile

STTA

Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act

T&D

Transmission and Distribution

TAFTA

Trans Atlantic Free Trade Agreement

TDA

Trade Development Authority

TERLS

Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station

TIPS

Technology Information Pilot System

TIPTOP

Tape Input Tape Output

TLC

Total Literacy Campaign

TMO

Telegraphic Money Order

TNT

Tri Nitro Toluene

TOEFL

Test of English as a Foreign Language

TPM

Total Productivity Maintenance

TQM

Total Quality Management

TBD

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

TSP

Total Suspended Particulate

UCI

Universal Childhood Immunisation

UCR

Under Colour Removal

UNPF

United Nation Population Fund

UNRRA

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

VAT

Value Added Tax

VHRR

Very High Resolution Radiometer

VIRUS

Vital Information Resources Under Seige

VSAT

Very Small Arrival Terminal

VD

Veneral Disease

VTOL

Vertical Take Off and Landing

WDM

World Debt Market

WIMP

Weakly Interacting Massive Particle

WWF

World Wide Fund (for nature)

XBT

Expandable Bathy Thermographic

XPD

X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction

YMCA

Young Men's Christian Association

YWCA

Young Women's Christian Association

YMMV

Your Mileage May Vary

ZIFT

Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer

ZIP

Zone Improvement Plan

ZOPFAN

Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality

ZETA

Zero Energy Thermonuclear Agency

ZPG

Zero Population Growth

 


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